TOWARDS A MORE EGALITARIAN SOCIETY, THE NEED FOR GENDER EQUALITY IN AFRICA

An Egalitarian society is the one that expresses the belief that all people are equal and should have the same rights and opportunities. Equal opportunities imply absence of privilege and exploitation. In an Egalitarian Society there ought to be more liberty and privilege for the underprivileged and more sacrifice and surrender of some liberty by those who are privileged and powerful.
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There are no positions of authority. Every man, and woman have an equal say in matters concerning the group and participates fully in decision making and no person can exert authority over another. It prioritizes equality for all people.
In Africa gender inequality has a long historical antecedence: first was the colonial trajectory extending to the symbolic colonial struggles in places like Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Nigeria etc. In Eastern Nigeria, the Aba women riot of 1929 involved enterprising women from matriarchal culture. The core issue was the imposition of taxation on women and organization of a colonial political transition and power structure whose terms were contested by the persistent marginalization of women as the colonial state was dominated by men.
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Gender equality, equality between men and women, entails the concept that all human beings, both men and women, are free to develop their personal abilities and make choices without the limitations set by stereotypes, rigid gender roles and prejudices. Gender equality means that the different behavior, aspirations and needs of women and men are considered, valued and favored equally. It does not mean that women and men have to become the same, but that their rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born male or female(ILO, 2000).
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It is a fundamental development objective and is essential to enabling women and men participate equally in society and in the economy. In 2014, Africa lost up to $105 billion from gender gaps in labour markets alone, almost 6% of all production. The root causes of gender gaps in labour and access to productive assets for African women are continued legal discrimination, negative gender norms and stereotypes, and women’s disproportionate care burden. On one hand there are relatively more African women in the workplace compare to other regions. Almost 7 out of 10 women in sub-Saharan Africa are in the labour force compared to 6 out of 10 in North America, 5 out of 10 in Europe and Asia and the Pacific. Yet many are engaged in informal, low paid and low-productive work with76% working outside the formal agricultural sector compared to 59% for men. Girls are still more likely less than boys to benefit from a secondary education and women often have little influence over resources and norms, women’s voice and agency remain limited with rates of gender-based violence reaching alarming levels.
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Equalizing opportunities in the workplace, eliminating exclusion and removing the barriers that limit women’s access to productive assets would expand life choices for both women and men and transform Africa. An equal share of women and men in the labour force, equal access to paid work and the same level of productivity could raise Africa’s GDP by 3% to 16% and countries with larger gender gaps have the most gain.
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If the men and women carried out the same amount of unpaid care work, women would gain almost 2 hours per day to spend on leisure, productive work and community participation. For Africa, Anarchy is the real freedom and communism, the real equality. Only a social revolution can allow us build a truly free egalitarian society. Anarchy is simply every individual, male and female, contributing in accordance with his ability and receiving in accordance with his needs. A French anarchist reiterated “Every individual need work only two hours a day if all the needs of society are to be met” And Kropotkin stated: “If everyone works four hours a day that will be enough – indeed more than enough – to meet society needs”.

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